CRITICAL REVIEW


    Architect Toma Dobrescu was a member of the first generation of Romanian architects trained at the School of Fine Arts in Paris.
    He was the son of Dobre Nicolau (1821-1897), "Maimarbaşa" (guildmaster of the masons and carpenters in Bucharest). After his father’s death, he continued to work in the construction and architecture office his father had founded in 1942. He fought alongside other Romanian architects against foreign architects who set up their offices in Romania and ”seized” works.
    He was one of the most prolific builders of the the early 20th century. He built in Bucharest, as well as in many parts of the country. His works are eclectic, in the French academic style, and include a wide variety of architectural programs: public buildings, private residences, churches. (Mariana Croitoru, 2015)
 


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    BIOGRAPHY


    (Bucharest, 1862 - Bucharest, 1934)

    Academic/specialized studies:
    1890 -? - He studied at the Fine Arts School in Paris, class of 1890, under the guidance of Pascal, attending only the 2nd grade. In 1899, while still a student, he worked for the Universal Exhibition in Paris.

    Disciples and influences:
    In his architecture office, there were always disciples whom he taught to draw projects, as well as students from S.A.R.’s School of Architecture

    Professional Activity (affiliations, administrative positions, committees):
    1891-1896 - Architect of the Ministry of Culture and Public Instruction;
    ? - He contributed to the founding of Romanian Architects Society and S.A.R.’s School of Architecture;
    ? - Member of the Chamber of Commerce;
    1904 - He served as councillor in the Council of Ilfov County, as an employee of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.

    Other relevant information:
    - Degree in Law, with the thesis ’’The responsibility of architects and entrepreneurs, according to article 1483 and 1902 in the Civil Code.’’
    He was a friend and close associate of architect Ștefan Burcuş, with whom he collaborated in developing several competition projects.
     


    PROJECTS


    Completed Projects

    Architectural projects:
    1. Public Buildings:
    1906 - Municipal Library, Caracal;
    1895-1898 - „Sf. Petru și Pavel”, Boys’ High School, Ploiești;
    1902 - "Minerva" Palace, Craiova;
    1905 - "Madona Dudu"Central School for Girls, Craiova (now the Museum of Oltenia);
    1906 - The pavilion of the Chamber of Commerce, for the General Exhibition in 1906;
    1893-1895 - "Carol I" High School, Craiova;
    ? - Normal School, Constanța;
    ? - Brickworks and Brewery, Bucureștii Noi;
    ? - School of Forestry of the Ministry of State Domains, Brăneşti;
    ? - The High School and City Hall in Târgu Jiu;
    ? - Sanatorium in Predeal (Valea Râşnoavei).

    2. Private Residences:
    ? - Popp, Căzănescu, Gârleșteanu Houses, Craiova;
    ? - Take Ionescu and Dobre Nicolau villas, Sinaia;
    ? - N. Săvulescu villa, Bușteni;
    1896 - „Iulia Hasdeu” Castle, Câmpina;
    1903-1913 - Many private residences in Bucharest: D. Dobrescu, Frederic Damé, General Constantinescu, Teodor Popescu, Nicolae Fundescu, Al. Juca, Benedict Martin, Take Ionescu, Manolescu Romniceanu, Hagi Theodoraky, Dr. T. Tomescu, G. Raicovicianu, Dr. Gheorghiu, Josefina Protopopescu-Pake, Hagiopol.

    3. Religious Architecture:
    ? - „Sf. Ioan Botezătorul” Church, Brăila;
    1898 - „Sf. Ștefan” Church (Stork's Nest), Bucharest;
    1897-1900 - the Episcopal Palace, Galați;
    1910 - Cocoș Monastery, Niculițel, Tulcea;
    1906-1917 - the Orthodox Cathedral in Galați, with Petre Antonescu, Ștefan Burcuș, Scarlat Petculescu.

    Restoration Projects: 
    After 1918, he worked with Cristofi Cerchez at the restoration Sturza Palace - Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

    Participation in competitions:
    1904 - The competition for the Orthodox Cathedral in Galați, together with architects Petre Antonescu, Ștefan Burcuș and Scarlat Petculescu (1st prize);
    1906 - The competition for the Administrative Palace in Craiova, together with architect Ștefan Burcuș.

    Awards and Distinctions:
    1892 - Admitted and medal recipient at the Salon in Paris.
     


    BIBLIOGRAPHY


    Books:
    CONSTANTIN, Paul, Dicționar universal al arhitecților, Editura Științifică și Enciclopedică, București, 1986.
    DAMÉ, Frédéric, Bucureștiul în 1906, Editura Paralela 45, Pitești, 2007.
    IONESCU, Grigore, Arhitectura pe teritoriul României de-a lungul veacurilor, Editura Academiei R.S.R., București, 1982.
    IONESCU, Grigore, Istoria arhitecturii românești din cele mai vechi timpuri până la 1900, Editura Capitel, București, 2007.
    LUPU, Mircea, Școli naționale în arhitectură, Editura Tehnică, București, 1977.
    VASILESCU, Sorin, Istoria Arhitecturii Moderne, Editura Institutului de Arhitectură „Ion Mincu”, București, 1989.
    SOCOLESCU, Toma T., Fresca arhitecților care au lucrat în România în epoca modernă: 1800-1925, Editura Caligraf Design, București, 2004.
    TABACU, Gabriela, Revista „Arhitectura” - studiu monografic și indici 1905-1944, Editura Humanitas, București, 2008.

    Webography:
    http://arhivadearhitectura.ro/arhitecti