CRITICAL REVIEW


    At the end of the 19th century, a large number of foreign architects were active in the capital and major cities, who had come to our country after the union of the two principalities, Wallachia and Moldova. Joseph I. Exner, an Austrian architect, came to Romania around 1880. He worked in his architecture office located on Calea Dorobanti. Exner designed a large number of houses in Bucharest, most in the eclectic-academic style. Exner’s Kalinderu House was influenced by Ion N. Socolescu’s architecture, reproducing the latter’s style of expression in the rich decoration of the cornice or in the alternative use on the same facade of trilobite, accolade or rectangular arches.
Joseph Exner the built the Pavilion of the Crown Administration for the National Exhibition of 1906 with builder Andrei Făgădău.
After 1906, Joseph I. Exner, along with other architects, such as Ion N. Socolescu, D. Berindey, and Jean Pompilian, was in charge of the development of several constructions belonging to the Crown Estate, the most important of which was Segarcea Cellar, designed with architect I. Pompilian. The architects used Neo-Romanian architectural elements, corner tower with loggia, porch with arches, wooden consoles, niche windows, etc., as well as Art Nouveau decorative motifs. (Gabriel Petrescu, 2015)
 


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    BIOGRAPHY


    (Austria, approx. 1860-1938, he came to Romania around 1880)

    Academic/specialized studies:
    ? - Architectural Studies in the German (years unknown).
     


    PROJECTS


    Completed Projects
    Architectural projects:
    1. Houses
    1880 - ”Zoe Ionescu” Houses, Columb Street, Bucharest; 
    1883 - Podoleanu Houses, 41 Ştirbei Vodă Street, Bucharest; 
    1883 - ”Iorgu Alexandrescu” Houses, 20 Izvor Street, Bucharest;
    1884 - ”M. Lorenz” Houses, Rozelor Street on Dâmboviţa Quay, Bucharest;
    1884 - Lempart’s printing workshop on Elisabeta Blvd., Bucharest;
    1885 - Workshops for Societatea Tramvaielor, Bucharest;
    1894 - ”Alexandru Samurcaş” Houses, 25 Icoanei Street, Bucharest;
    1896 - ”Garabet Bedras” House, Calea Moşilor, Bucharest;
    1886 - Window for Rumberg Houses, 6 Pitagora Street, Bucharest;
    1887 - ”Eraclie Duro” Building, 63 Calea Griviţei 63, Bucharest;
    ? - ”R. Ionescu” Houses, 18 Bibescu Street, Bucharest;
    1891 - Houses on 37 Academiei Street, Bucharest;
    1892-1893 - Villa Alexandria, Buşteni;
    1892-1893 - Villa Josefina, Buşteni;
    1892-1893 - Villa Antonia, Buşteni;
    1894 - Vornicu House, 81 Carol Street, Bucharest;
    1895 - His own architecture studio and office on Lupu property, 23 Calea Dorobanţi, Bucharest;
    1896 - Creţulescu Houses, 5 Romană Street, Bucharest;
    1896 - Ion Kalinderu printing workshop, Bucharest;  
    1896 - ”Andrei Făgădău” Houses, on Teilor Street (now Vasile Lascăr), Bucharest;
    1897 - ”Ion Kalinderu” Houses, 20 Doamnei Street, Bucharest;
    1897 - Varoff Houses, 34 Moşilor Street, Bucharest.

    2. Public Buildings:
    1906 - Crown Estate Pavilion for the Romanian National Exhibition of 1906;
    1906-1908 - Crown Estate: Segarcea Cellar, Gherghiţa, Ruşeţu, Domniţa and Sadova (together with architect Jean Pompilian);
    1903 - Pavilion of the Administrative House of the Crown Estate on Gherghiţa estate;
    1905 - Mixed school in Ruşeţu commune.
     


    BIBLIOGRAPHY


    Books:
    BULEI, Ion, Lumea românească la 1900, Editura Eminescu, Bucureşti, 1984, p. 167-169.
    MUCENIC, Cezara, Bucureşti, un veac de arhitectură civilă sec. XIX, Editura Silex, Bucureşti, 1997.
    NOICA, Nicolae Şt., PETRESCU, Ştefan, Domeniul Coroanei: instituţia model a lui Carol I după 130 de ani, Bucureşti, Editura Vremea, 2014.
    TABACU, Gabriela, Revista Arhitectura, studiu monografic şi indici, 1906-1944, Bucureşti, Humanitas, 2008.

    Dictionaries:
    TEODORESCU, Sidonia, NICULAE, Raluca, PETRESCU, Gabriela, ȚELEA, Vasile, BÎRSAN, Andrei, Dicţionar al arhitecturii româneşti moderne (sec. XIX, XX, XXI). Literele D-H - ediţie online, pdf, 2014, proiect beneficiar al unei finanţări din partea Uniunii Arhitecţilor din România (2014), din Fondul Timbrul Arhitecţilor; Bucureşti, 2014.(https://issuu.com/dictionaruar), ISBN: 978-973-0-18271