CRITICAL REVIEW

Romanian architect, follower of the Neo-Romanian style, member of the Society of Romanian Architects since 1925. Little has been published about the work of the architect Ion Țărușanu in specialized literature. The files in the National Archives and Bucharest City Hall Archives contain a number of sources that add information related to his work in the office of architect of the Communal Society for Cheap Housing, a position probably accepted in 1926/1927 and held until 1935/1936. Thus, Țărușanu became the third architect of the Society, after Ioan D. Trajanescu (1910-1912 and 1922-1926) and D. Mohor (1912-1922). Ion Țărușanu contributed decisively to the development of some new parcelling lots, such as Iancului and Sf. Vineri, and continued the already existing parcelling lots in Rahova (Tocilescu and Poenaru streets), Drumul la Tei (initiated by Ioan D. Trajanescu on Barbu Văcărescu - Doamna Oltea – Pintenogului streets) and Raion (Miletin St. - Cogâlnic St. -  Cerceluș St. – Diligenței St., between Piața Alba Iulia and Bd. Mihail Bravu). He designed new types of housing (100, 102, 204, 206, 405), which the Society simultaneously built on these parcelling lots. In addition, as architect of the Society, he had other duties besides designing, including the inspection of already built housing. As far as the style adopted in designing standard housing in these parcelling lots was concerned, arch. Ion Țărușanu proposed a sober Neo-Romanian style that would seem rigid when compared to the model inaugurated by Ioan D. Trajanescu and continued by arch. D. Mohor. The simplification of the ornamental composition of the Neo-Romanian style might have been triggered by the economic difficulties the Communal Society was going through at the time, as well as by the influence of international styles. He took part in the Competition for the Communal Palace in 1926 and the one held for the systematization of the Royal Square, 1940. (Andrei Răzvan Voinea, 2016)
 


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    BIOGRAPHY

    Public Activity: affiliations, administrative positions, committees
    1927-1935 - Architect of the Communal Society for Cheap Housing
     
    Other relevant information
    (probably related to engineer Pandele Țărușanu)
    Lived on 1, 11 Iunie Street.
     


    PROJECTS


    COMPLETED PROJECTS

    Urban planning and landscaping projects
    1927-1935 - Raion Parcelling (stage 3). Initiated by D. Mohor and then by Fr. Reiss, the parcelling was continued after 1927, until 1935, by Ion Țărușanu.
    1928-1934 - Drumul la Tei Parcelling. Originally designed following the plans of Fr. Reiss, the parcelling bounded by Bd. Barbu Văcărescu - Doamna Oltea St. - Comandor Eugeniu Botez was designed together with Work Cooperative of the Labour Ministry officials. The first houses on Bd. Barbu Văcărescu were designed by Ioan D. Trajanescu, while Arch. Ion Țărușanu designed the houses on Radu Mihăilă, Beirut, Doamna Oltea (today), with a few exceptions on Doamna Oltea St. (the modernist buildings designed by Arch. Paul Rossini). The initial parcelling plan was modified and the building of the houses was interrupted mid-1930s, as the Labour Ministry officials focused their attention to the Vatra Luminoasă parcelling. Simultaneously with building houses, the Communal Society planted plane trees on Bd. Barbu Văcărescu. According to Cincinat Sfințescu, the parcelling had an area of 55 900 sq. m, of which 13 400 sq. m. (24%) were used for the roads, while the parcelling itself resulted in 94 parcelling lots, with an average area of 330 sq. m.
    1928-1934 - Rahova-Tocilescu Parcelling (stage 2). On Tocilescu and Poenaru streets, the Communal Society for Cheap Housing continued the parcelling initiated in 1912 no earlier than 1928, using Ioan D. Trajanescu’s plans, when building a new series of houses, and Arch. Țărușanu contributed with a number of housing plans, as well as with the design of school 133.
    1928-1935 - Sf. Vineri Parcelling. The Parcelling of the Communal Society for Cheap Housing was approved in 1928, and the building of the houses started progressively, and it was most probably finished in 1935. At the time of the execution of the parcelling, the land was part of the suburban commune Grivița, and Sf. Vineri and Traian streets are called Caraiman and Trotușului today. Placing this parcelling near C.F.R. Steaua and arranging Parcul Copilului at the end of the 1940s have turned this area, from one of the most unsanitary slums of Bucharest into an almost complete neighbourhood, with quality housing and facilities such as a maternity, nursery, school, high-school and church. The types of house are those used in Iancului and Drumul la Tei parcelling. Fr. Reiss also contributed to the parcelling plan.
    1928-1935 - Iancului I Parcelling. The third parcelling Ion Țărușanu worked on was Iancului Parcelling, bounded by Șos. Iancului - lt. Victor Manu St. - Laurențiu Claudian St. and Vatra Luminoasă St. The initial surface of the land was 74 400 sq. m., of which the streets occupied 32 800 sq. m. (44%), and it was divided into 140 parcelling lots. In the middle of the parcelling, the architect designed a small park, and the housing typology is much more diverse than in other parcelling lots. This parcelling housed particularly state officials.
     
    Architectural projects
    ? - Graduation project, Casino (not completed);
    ? - Rental Property, Epitropia Sf. Spiridon, Calea Șerban-Vodă.
     
    Competitions. Awards and Distinctions
    1926 - 2nd Prize, Competition for the Communal Palace (not completed);
    1940 - 2nd Prize, Competition for the Systematization of the Royal Palace Market.
     


    BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Primary sources:
    PMB Archives: PMB Yellow Fund: 131/1931, 195/1931, 209/1932, 223/1932, 250/1932, 252/1932.

    Secondary sources:
    SFINȚESCU, Cincinat, „Societatea Comunală pentru Locuințe Eftine și realizările ei”, in: Urbanismul Magazine, nr. 5-6, 1933.
    VOINEA, Andrei Răzvan, DOLGHIN Dana, Rubrica De locuit și povestit, 2012-2015, available online http://atelier.liternet.ro/arhivarubricii/136/De-locuit-si-povestit.html
    ARHITECTURA Magazine, nr. 1/1941, nr. 5/1926.