CRITICAL REVIEW

Architect, collaborator of the Communal Society for Cheap Housing, for which he designed the parcelling plans for the land that will subsequently become Cornescu Parcelling and Drumul la Tei Parcelling (1922), Verzișori Parcelling (1922), also extending Drumul Sării Parcelling (1921) and Raion Parcelling (1920). His work for the Communal Society for Cheap Housing overlapped with Dimitrie Mohor’s, as the two shared urban and architectural responsibilities. Among the few architectural projects signed by Arch. Fr. Reiss, we can count the type B houses on Lupească Street (currently Mihail Sebastian), probably demolished as a result of the massive restructuring in the 1980s, as the architect favoured the design of parcelling plans. (Andrei Răzvan Voinea, 2016)
 


IMAGES



    BIOGRAPHY


    Public Activity: affiliations, administrative positions, committees
    1920-1922 - Urban planner for the Society of Cheap Housing.
     


    PROJECTS


    COMPLETED PROJECTS
     

    Urban planning and landscaping projects
    1920  - Raion Parcelling (stage 2). Fr. Reis signed both the parcelling plan, and the plans for some types of housing built in this parcelling, in parallel with D. Mohor’s work. The parcelling included Miletin, Vâlcov, Ismail (currently Rodiei, Chiparosului, around Alba Iulia square) streets. The systematization in the mid-1980s affected this parcelling, as the authorities demolished the houses built in the second stage. The parcelling had been initiated in 1914 by the Communal Society for Cheap Housing on the plot of land on Gura Lupului street, but it started undergoing a remarkable development only after 1927.
    1921 - Drumul Sării Parcelling (stage 2). Arch. Fr. Reiss signed the plans for the second stage in the development of this parcelling, consisting in designing 10 duplex houses, on Negel and Caranda Street and on Lt. Nicolae Găină (the house plans were signed by Arch. D. Mohor).
    1921-1922 - Lupească Parcelling (stage 2). The parcelling had been designed ever since 1911 by the Communal Society for Cheap Housing (Arch. Ioan D. Trajanescu), but the files in the City Hall archives prove that there was yet another stage, when the Society returned on Lupească Street (now Mihail Sebastian), adding to the parcelling a number of houses, type B (designed by Fr. Reiss), address numbers 66, 70, 72 and 74. During the reconfiguration of the street in the 1980s, these houses were demolished.
    1922 - Cornescu and Drumul la Tei Parcelling. His signature appears on the plan drawn up by the Communal Society for Cheap Housing – Bucharest, for the parcelling of the land on Calea Floreasca, next to that of N. Georgescu, who was director at the time. The plan is dated May 1922 and comprised both the land on Calea Floreasca, as well as that in Drumul la Tei, representing the zonation principle introduced by Eng. Cincinat Sfințescu and applied as part of the Systematization Plan in 1921. The zonation involved assigning a function to the various neighbourhoods (cheap, industrial housing, residential villas, etc.) and granting the construction permits based on these principles. According to this plan, in Floreasca-Tei area, they were to build cheap housing for state officials and Bucharest workers. The plans of the two parcelling lots surrounded a plot on which later on the Sports Complex Dinamo was built. Initially, the two parcelling lots were not connected, as the street linking them was designed no earlier than the 1950s. According to Eng. C. Sfințescu, Cornescu Parcelling had an area of 37 800 sq. m., of which the streets occupied 6 450 sq. m., (17%) and it was divided in 94 lots of about 330 sq. m., while Drumul la Tei Parcelling was larger (55 900 sq. m.), of which 24% was allotted to the streets. The division of the land resulted in 97 lots, each around 200 sq. m.
    1922 - Verzișori Parcelling. The parcelling plan (dated June 1922) bears Fr. Reiss’s signature, while the houses in the parcelling were designed by Arch. D. Mohor. Bounded by Aristizza Romanescu, Petre Liciu, Bd. Tăbăcari and Verzișori Street, the parcelling was designed by Communal Society for Cheap Housing for state officials, and at the time it was called Cartierul Tăbăcarilor.
     
    Architectural Projects
    1933 - A. and Gh. Baloleanu Building, 8 Dna Oltea St. The house was built in the parcelling of the Communal Society for Cheap Housing in Drumul la Tei. Although most of the plans in this parcelling were signed by Ioan D. Trajanescu and Țărușanu, the architect may have intervened for extensions, repairs, etc.
    1933  - G. Gherman Building, 57 Radu de la Afumați St.
     


    BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Primary Sources:
    PMB Archives: Technical Fund: 245/1922, 331/1922, 331 /1922.

    Secondary Sources:
    SFINȚESCU, Cincinat, „Societatea Comunală pentru Locuințe Eftine și realizările ei”, in: Urbanismul magazine, 1933.
    VOINEA, Andrei Răzvan, DOLGHIN Dana, Rubrica De locuit și povestit, 2012-2015, available online http://atelier.liternet.ro/arhivarubricii/136/De-locuit-si-povestit.html
    Urbanismul magazine, 1933.