CRITICAL REVIEW

Romanian architect, representative of the functionalist style. Known at the time as the head of the Technical Fund of the Autonomous Constructions Office, Ioan Hanciu co-authored Vatra Luminoasă Parcelling (his partner was N. Aprihăneanu, the Office head-architect) one of the most modern neighbourhoods in Bucharest at the time. As part of the project he designed several models for the annual campaigns to build working-class houses. For over a decade, Ioan Hanciu designed economy and working-class projects which were used for buildings in Bucharest (Vatra Luminoasă) as well as in other cities (Constanța, Ploiești, Galați, Craiova etc.). As head of the Technical Fund, he also co-signed, together with architect Florin Cantemir, the designs for the apartment buildings in Maior Coravu Street (1946). There are very few official data about his activity after 1949. (Andrei Răzvan Voinea, 2016)


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    BIOGRAPHY

    Professional activity: affiliations, administrative positions, committees
    1930-1949 - Head of the Technical Fund, Autonomous Constructions Office.
     
    Other relevant information
    He lived in a building of his own design, in what is now 7, Constantin Tănase Street, within Vatra Luminoasă parcelling, Bucharest.
    He had two daughters.
     


    PROJECTS


    COMPLETED PROJECTS
     
    Urban planning and landscaping projects
    1933-1949 - Vatra Luminoasă Parcelling (in collaboration with N. Aprihăneanu)_edn1">[i];
    1939 - Drumul Murgului Parcelling (unfinished, in collaboration with N. Aprihăneanu);
    1930-1933 - Independenței Parcelling (in collaboration with Statie Baloșin). A perimeter between Eroii Sanitari Blvd., Sf. Elefterie Vechi Street and Nanu Muscel Street. The 74 houses which make up Independenţei Parcelling were designed and built for Bucharest’s middle-class by Statie Baloşin, who based his work on Ioan Hanciu’s parcelling plan.
     
    Architectural projects
    Within Vatra Luminoasă Parcelling, Ioan Hanciu designed over 15 types of attached or multi-unit houses, function of the annual building quota.
    1931 - Marin Rădulescu Building, 71 Aviator Crețu Petre Street (lot no. 46) (economy housing unit);
    1933 - I. Daniel Building, 22 A. Mureșanu Street;
    1933 - Emil Jelea Building, 34 Bonaparte Avenue (now Iancu de Hunedoara Boulevard) (demolished);
    1933 - Ioana Ion Building, 32 Popa Radu Street (not located);
    1933 - Ing. Cașula Building, 53 Elefterescu Street (not located);
    1938 - Type A building for workers in Vatra Luminoasă Parcelling;
    ? - Type C building modified in Vatra Luminoasă Parcelling;  
    1940 - Type 1 Working-class housing unit (Vatra Luminoasă, attached multi-unit houses);
    1942 - Type 1 Working-class housing unit (Vatra Luminoasă, attached multi-unit houses);
    1943 - Type 1 Working-class housing unit (Vatra Luminoasă, attached multi-unit houses).
     
    Wriring/editorial activity
    „Casa Construcțiilor. Program și realizări” in: Arhitectura, no. 1-2, 1942 (co-authored with N. Aprihăneanu).

    _ednref1">[i] For further details on Vatra Luminoasă, see the card for architect N. Aprihăneanu.
     


    BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Primary sources:
    MACHEDON, Luminița, SCOFFHAM, Ernie, Romanian Modernism: The Architecture of Bucharest 1920-1940, The MIT Press, 1999.
    VÂRTOSU, Gheorghe, Locuințe pentru populația nevoiașă și problema comasărilor, The Urban Planning Institute of Romania, Bucharest, 1938.
     
    APRIHĂNEANU, N., HANCIU, I., „Casa Construcțiilor. Program și realizări” in: Arhitectura, no.5-6/1942;
     
    DOLGHIN, Dana, VOINEA, Răzvan, Cartierul Vatra Luminoasă: reforma locuinţelor sociale şi arhitectura modernă, http://atelier.liternet.ro/articol/13210/Razvan-Voinea-Dana-Dolghin/Cartierul-Vatra-Luminoasa-reforma-locuintelor-sociale-si-arhitectura-moderna.html
     
    DOLGHIN, Dana, VOINEA, Răzvan, Parcelarea Drumul Murgului, o posibilă Vatra Luminoasă, posted on January 24, 2015, accessed on September 15, 2016  http://atelier.liternet.ro/articol/15371/Razvan-Voinea-Dana-Dolghin/Parcelarea-Drumul-Murgului-o-posibila-Vatra-Luminoasa.html
     
    Secondary sources:
    PMB Archives, Technical Fund: 88/1939, 276/1941.
    National Archives: Constructions Office Fund, the Ministry for Public Works, Superior Technical Council.