CRITICAL REVIEW

Romanian architect with extensive pre- and inter-war activity, an advocate of Neo-Romanian style. In the 1930s he also designed Art Deco public buildings. In recent years, his work began to be brought to public attention through efforts to recover family archives and documents in public institutions.
(Oana Marinache, 2016)
 


BIOGRAPHY

(March 14, 1877 - 1950)
 
Academic/specialized studies
He studied architecture in Paris, and returned to the country in 1901.
 
Other relevant information
His father was composer and teacher George Ștefănescu (1843-1925), and his brother painter Gabriel Arephi/y Ştefănescu (1903-1975). His brother’s son, Mihai Ștefănescu, is a historian. His granddaughter, Ilinca Ștefănescu-Neagu, has kept much of her grandfather's archive.
In 2010, the Museum of Sculpture "Ion Jalea" held an exhibition of unknown watercolours and projects: ’’Architect Victor G. Stephănescu (1877-1950) - a rediscovered artist”.  Since 2015, the Romanian Order of Architects has supported the organization and itineration of an exhibition dedicated to the work of the architect in Constanța.
 


PROJECTS


COMPLETED WORKS

Urban planning and landscaping
1905-1906 - Carried out, together with Arch. Ștefan Burcuș, the situation plan of Romania’s General Exhibition in Carol I Park;
? - Systematization of Ovidiu Square.
 
Architectural projects
1905-1906 - Designed, together with Arch. Ștefan Burcuș, most official pavilions of the public institutions at Romania’s General Exhibition in Carol I Park: Palace of Arts, Agriculture, Industry, Royal, Truth, Kula, Pavilion of Dobrogea/Mosque, Țepeș Voda Castle/Pavilion of Muntenia;
? - Collaborated with Daniel Renard at the Casino in Constanța;
1902(?) - Royal Summer Pavilion of Queen Elizabeth (Queen's Nest II, it no longer exists today), Constanța Dam;
1906-1908 - Romanian Geology Institute / Museum of Geology;
1910 - Carol I Mosque, Constanța;
1912 - Ecsarhu house (which housed the Museum of Art, today demolished), Constanța;
1913, 1919-1922 - Pariano house (today Ion Jalea Museum), Constanța;
? - Cănănău  house (former Chinese Consulate), Constanța;
1911-1921 - Former City Hall (currently the National Museum of History and Archaeology), Constanța;
1911-1914 - Anglican Church, Bucharest;
1916-1919 - Damadian house (extension of Wegener house), Constanța;
? - Luceafărul villa, Mamaia;
? - Fire Station, Port of Constanța;
? - New Stock Exchange, Port of Constanța;
? - Pretorian villa (no longer exists), Mamaia;
? - Metropolitan Library, București;
1921-1922 - Coronation Cathedral, Alba Iulia;
1924 - Union Monument in Cernăuți (sculptors Teodor Burcă, Spiridon Georgescu);
1927 - Telephone Palace, Dacia Blvd.;
1930-1932 - Northern Railway Station extension;
1935-1936 - Technical and administrative supervision of the Triumphal Arch works;
1934-1935 - Casino in Mamaia;
? - Electrical Plant of the Royal Palace in Balchik (now a souvenir shop)
b - Rădulescu Moşneni Manor.
 
Interior design projects
? - Military Circle, together with Arch. Dimitrie Maimarolu, Ernest Doneaud, Eng. Elie Radu;
? - Also designed opera sets.
 
Competitions. Awards and distinctions
1913 - He was awarded the Medgedie medal/ order by sultan Mahomed V and a watch by King Carol I.
 


BIBLIOGRAPHY


Primary sources:
​CORNEL, Th., Figuri contimporane din România, 1911-1914.
PĂULEANU, Doina, Constanţa. Aventura unui proiect modern, Editura Ex Ponto, Constanța, 2003.
PĂULEANU, Doina, Constanţa. Spectacolul Modernităţii Târzii 1878-1928, Muzeul de Artă Constanţa, 2005.
PĂULEANU, Doina, COMAN, Virgil, Moscheea Regală Carol I. Constanţa 1910-2010, Editura Ex Ponto, Constanţa, 2010.
Pliantul expoziției itinerante „Constanța – clădiri de patrimoniu semnate de arh. Victor Stephănescu”, O.A.R. Dobrogea, 2015.
MARINACHE, Oana, Ernest Doneaud, visul liniei, EdituraIstoria Artei, București, 2015.
 
Secondary sources:
http://voceaconstantei.ro/comorile-constantei-casa-pariano-si-casa-cananau-autor-arh-victor-stephanescu/
http://radioconstanta.ro/2014/09/16/expozitia-cladiri-de-patrimoniu-realizate-de-arhitect-victor-stephanescu-deschisa-la-constanta-la-muzeul-de-arta/
http://stephanescuarephy.weebly.com/genealogie-victor-stephanescu.html
http://parculcarol1906.blogspot.ro