CRITICAL REVIEW


    Engineer Gheorghe Bals played a major role in the Historical Monuments Committee, whose member he became in April 1913, and subsequently occupied the vice president position. His broad activity, also reflected in the popular publications of the 1920s and 1930s, brought him national and international recognition, so in 1923 he was elected as a member of the Romanian Academy, in the History Department.
    Along with Nicolae Ghika-Budesti and Nicolae Iorga, he attempted to define the influences that played a preponderant role in the formation of Romanian architecture, both in Moldavia and Wallachia. Gheorghe Bals emphasizes the Armenian and Georgian influences and the Serbian ones, which are noticeable on the Romanian territory. (Oana Marinache, 2015)

    He stands out both in the restoration of historical monuments, and as a researcher of old architecture, and he can be considered one of the founders of the history of Romanian architecture. He was among the first to question the origins of our religious architecture and its evolution. (Sidonia Teodorescu, 2015)
 


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    BIOGRAPHY


    (Adjud, Vrancea county, April 24, 1868 - 1934)

    Academic/specialized sudies:
    ? - He studied in Lausanne and at the Polytechnic Institute in Zürich, becoming an engineer.
    He studied, on site, the Byzantine art monunments in Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece (Holy Mountain), Russia and Turkey. 

    Professional Activity (affiliations, administrative positions, committees):
    1891 - Bridge Maintenance Services, Romanian Railways;
    1892 - Member of the Polytechnic Society in Romania;
    ? - He worked with the engineer Anghel Saligny (1854-1925), and perhaps architect Louis Blanc (1860-1903), designing the Cernavoda bridge and Lighthouse in Tuzla;
    ? - He collaborated with eng. George Duca (1847 -1899) in the port of Constanta;
    1908-1911 - He worked for the Technical Service of the Directorate for Health within the Ministry of Internal Affairs;
    June 4, 1923 - He was elected member of the Romanian Academy;
    1923 - He was a member of the Historical Monuments Committee;
    1925 - He was reelected, along with eng. Tiberius Eremia, as manager of the "Technical Credit" Society, encouraging technical and industrial enterprises;
    1928-1931 - Deputy Chairman of the High Authority.
    1929 - President of "The Way" Mining Company.

    Other relevant information:
    He worked closely with his brother-in-law, dr. Ion Cantacuzino (1863-1934), in the fight against tuberculosis, holding the presidency of the Red Cross of Romania.
    He was part of the Society for the prevention of tuberculosis, Red Cross Society (which he led during the withdrawal war from Moldova).
    He was an active member and leader of the publications for the works of the Romanian Art Society, the Commission for Historical Monuments, and the Romanian Academy.
     


    PROJECTS


    Completed Projects
    Architectural projects:
    1908-1910 - Author of numerous hospital constructions during the period when he worked as an engineer for the Technical Service of the Directorate for Health within the Ministry of Internal Affairs; 
    1911/1921 - Institute for Serums and Vaccines, "Dr. Ion Cantacuzino "/" Dr. I. Cantacuzino Institute ", Bucharest, Romania (with arch. Nicolae Ghika-Budesti - 1869-1943); "The Institute for Serums and Vaccines appeared in 1921, following a previous institute that had worked very well, namely the Laboratory of Experimental Medicine within the Faculty of Medicine, in 1901."
    ? - He designed his own house on 100 Buzesti Street (demolished);
    ? - Lighthouse at Tuzla.
    As a civil engineer, he worked with Anghel Saligny during the construction of the Cernavodă bridge and some harbor buildings in Constanța.

    Publishing/editorial activity:
    Biserica din Filipeștii de Pădure  (1908, Carol Göbl, with Al. Tzigara-Samurcaş and Nicolae Ghika-Budeşti).
    Mănăstirea Probota (1909, with Nicolae Ghika-Budeşti).
    Une visite à quelques églises de Serbie/O vizită la câteva biserici din Serbia, Carol Göbl, 1911.
    O biserică a lui Radu cel Mare şi Serbia la Lopuşnia, Bucureşti, 1912.
    Notiță despre arhitectura Sfântului Munte, Editura Gutemberg, Carol Göbl, 1913.
    Mănăstirea din Nicopole, Bucureşti, 1915.
    Bogdan-Serai, 1916.
    Histoire de l’art roumain ancien (Paris, 1922, with Nicolae Iorga).
    Începuturile arhitecturii bisericești din Moldova: discurs rostit în ședință solemnă la 9 iunie 1925, cu răspuns de Alex. Lapedatu, Editura Cultura Națională, 1925.
    Bisericile lui Ștefan cel Mare, 3 volume, Editura Cartea Românească, 1926-1933.
    Bisericile și mănăstirile moldovenești din veacul al XVI-lea: 1527-1582, Tiparul Cultura Națională, 1928.
    Biserica din Lujeni. Introducerea pridvorului în planul bisericilor moldovenești, Editura Cultura Națională, 1930.
    Influence du plan serbe sur le plan des églises roumaines, Libraire Orientaliste Paul Geuthner, Paris, 1930.
    Les Balkans, Librairie Orientaliste Paul Geuthner, 1930 (cu Dragutin N. Anastasijevich, Nicolas Beljaev).
    L'art byzantin chez les slaves: dédié à la mémoire de Théodore Uspenskij, Librairie Orientaliste Paul Geuthner, 2 volume, 1930-1932 (with Dragutin N. Anastasijevich, Nicolas Beljaev).
    L'ancienne Russie, les slaves catholiques, Librairie Orientaliste Paul Geuthner, 1932 (cu Dragutin N. Anastasijevich, Nicolas Beljaev).
    Influences arméniennes et géorgiennes sur l'architecture roumaine, Tiparul „Datina Românească”, 1931.
    Despre Biserica Prislopului, Tiparul „Datina Românească”, 1932.
    Les monuments byzantins de Roumanie (Bruxelles, 1932).
    Bisericile și mănăstirile moldovenești din veacurile al XVII-lea și al XVIII-lea, Institut de Arte Grafice „E. Marvan", 3 volume, 1933.
    Contributions à la question des églises supérieures superposées dans le domaine byzantin (1934).
    Ruinile bisericilor bizantine din Mesembria (1912, în colaborare cu Nicolae Ghika-Budeşti).
    Arhitectura Sfântului Munte, Bucureşti, 1913.
     


    BIBLIOGRAPHY


    Books:
    MARINACHE, Oana, Știrbey: reședințe, moșii, ctitorii, Editura ACS, București, 2014.

    Dictionaries:
    RUSU, Dorina N., Membrii Academiei Române. Dicţionar, ediţia a III-a, Editura Enciclopedică/Editura Academiei Române, Bucureşti, 2003, p. 75.
    TEODORESCU, Sidonia, NICULAE, Raluca, ȚELEA, Vasile, BÎRSAN, Andrei, Dicţionar al arhitecturii româneşti moderne (sec. XIX, XX, XXI). Literele A-C - ediţie on-line, pdf, 2014, proiect beneficiar al unei finanţări din partea Uniunii Arhitecţilor din România (2012), din Fondul Timbrul Arhitecţilor; Bucureşti, 2014 (https://issuu.com/dictionaruar).

    Webography:
    MAJURU, Adrian, http://www.cotidianul.ro/virusii-disolutiei-si-institutul-dr-ion-cantacuzino-190013/
    http://colegiulgheorghebals.ro/gheorghe-bals-1868-1934/
    https://ro.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gheorghe_Bal%C8%99
    http://arhivadearhitectura.ro/arhitecti/gheorghe-bals
    http://www.initiativepentruromania.ro/virusii-disolutiei-si-institutul-dr-ion-cantacuzino/