CRITICAL REVIEW

Prominent figure of interwar Romanian architecture. He was an important and prolific architect and urban planner who left behind representative buildings for Romanian architecture, including Banca Ardeleană (5 Ion Ghica St.), Red Cross headquarters (29 Biserica Amzei St., intersecting Magheru Blvd.), the current headquarters of the High Court of Cassation and Justice (25A Batiştei St., in collaboration with architect Constantin Ciogolea).

Sidonia TEODORESCU (2016)
 


IMAGES



    BIOGRAPHY

    (Paris, May 18, 1897 - Bucharest, October 21, 1981)
     
    Academic/specialized studies
    1924 - He graduated the School of Fine Arts in Paris; once he got his degree in 1924, he returned in Romania in 1925, working at first with his father, in the latter’s architecture office.
     
    Teaching (disciples and influence)
    In the last years of his life, he guided the younger generation.


    Professional activity: affiliations, administrative positions, committees
    1936 - Bucharest City Hall hired him as architect-urban planner.
    1935, 1936 - Secretary of the Romanian Society of Architects (SAR).
    1937 - Member of the SAR committee.
    1941 - Member of the SAR committee (together with architects Ion C. Roşu, George Negoescu, Constantin Pomponiu).
    1940-1947 - Technical Director of the Authority of Civil Hospitals.
    until 1945 - He worked in his own design office, then he was forced to close it because he lacked appropriate work.
    1947-1949 - He was technical director of the Communal Society for Cheap Housing
    1950-1951 - Technical advisor for the Ministry of Communal Administration.
    1951-1953 - Chief-architect of IPCE.
    from 1953 - He worked for ’’Project Bucharest’’ Institute, as part of the team elaborating and successively updating the Systematization Plan of Bucharest (for almost 30 years).
    1956 - Technical advisor, the systematization department within ’’Project Bucharest’’ Institute.
    1956 - He was named president of the Architects Union.

    Other relevant information
    He is the son of architect Ion D. Berindey (1871-1928) and the grandson of architect Dumitru I. Berindey (1831-1884).

    In 1928, after Ion D. Berindey’s death, he began to design in his own workshop, helped by two of his father’s collaborators, Adrian Petrescu and Nicolae Covaci, draughtsmen and civil engineers.

    His works were executed under his personal supervision.

    Mircea I. Berindey, Ion I. Berindey’s son, tells a significant story that is representative for his father’s character, about the supervision of the works done for the Administrative Palace in Iaşi. After installing the musical clock in the central tower of the palace, which clearly intoned the notes in Hora Unirii, Ion I. Berindey realised that the clock was producing some false notes as compared to the original score. As a result, he spent 48 uninterrupted hours to personally adjust the clock cylinders so that they would reproduce the appropriate musical notes, and thus, the malfunction originally identified was solved and the clock has been working properly ever since the inauguration to this day.
     


    PROJECTS


    COMPLETED PROJECTS
     
    Urban planning and landscaping projects
    1938-1944 - As advisor within Bucharest City Hall, the Systematization Service, he took part, for 6 years, together with architects Duiliu Marcu, G. M. Cantacuzino, Roger Bolomey, and Ion Al. Davidescu, in the application of the systematization plan of the Capital, designed in 1935.
    since 1953 – to the end of his professional career - he worked at the ’’Project Bucharest’’ Institute, developing many design stages of the systematization plan of Bucharest, and being a member of the executive and development board, together with architects Radu Laurian, Aurel Ghinescu, professor and engineer Cincinat Sfinţescu and architect Teodor Rădulescu. [Source: Gherghel, see Bibliography]


    Architectural projects
    1925-1927 - He collaborated with his father, Ion D. Berindey, designing and overseeing the building of the Administrative Palace in Iaşi (inaugurated on October 11, 1925) and Maria Filotti house (1925-1927), in Bucharest, 12 Vasile Pârvan Street.
    ? - His first buildings designed on his own are Colorian House on 7 Mihai Eminescu Street, the two storey building on 59 General H. M. Berthelot Street (previously Nuferilor), Vlad Berindei House on Nicolae Beldiceanu Street.
     
    Residential building design
    1924-1925 - Mouillet-Le Cannet House, Rue Madrid, France;
    1926 - Ion I. Berindey House, Beuca, Teleorman County (demolished);
    1927 - Attorney Bălănescu building, Dacia 75 Blvd., Bucharest;
    1929 - Georgeiade House, 68 Jean-Louis Calderon Street (previously 66 Cantacuzino Street), Bucharest;
    1930-1935? - Ianovici House, 6 Paris Street, Bucharest;
    1930-1935 - Argetoianu House, 36 Nicolae Iorga Street, Bucharest;
    1930-1935 - Logady House, 23 Sofia Street, Bucharest;
    1930-1935? - Vlad Berindei House, 1 Emil Balaban (previously Cortului) Street, Bucharest;
    1930-1935 - Galitza House, 11 Louis Blanc Street, Bucharest;
    1930-1935 - Rălescu House, 28 Batiştei Street, Bucharest;
    1930 - Ion Jalea House, Copăceni;
    1931 - Alexandru I. Berindey House, Beuca, Teleorman County;
    1932 - Ion I. Berindey building, function: residence and workshop, 22 Ioan Vodă Caragea Street, Bucharest;
    1935? - Ioan Berindei (Mustic) House, 57 Porumbaru Street, Bucharest;
    1935? - Enăceanu House, 11 Visarion Street, Bucharest;
    1935? - House, 57 Calea Călăraşilor, Bucharest;
    1935-1937? – Duma House, 47 Tunari Street, Bucharest;
    1936 - Sculptor Ion Jalea house, 39 Paul Greceanu Street, Bucharest;
    1937 - Ion I. Berindey built his second house in Greceanu Parcelling, 41 Paul Greceanu, Bucharest;
    ? - Colorian House on 7 Mihai Eminescu Street;
    1938 - Soutzu House, Predeal, 26 M. Eminescu Street;
    1940 - Grigore Berindei House, Costineşti (on the beach);
    1940 - Dina Balş House, Costineşti;
    1940-1944? - Florescu House, 7 Bitolia Street, Bucharest.
     
    He designed and built around 12 rental properties, including:
    1933 - Dinu Brătianu residential building, 43 Lascăr Catargiu Blvd.;
    1934 - Orăscu - four storey block of flats, Dacia Blvd., the number could not be located;
    1935-1937 - Two condominiums, 25-27 Jules Michelet Street;
    1935-1937 - Residential buildings, 7-9 George Enescu Street, intersecting Biserica Albă alley;
    1935-1940 - The design plan of the building on 28-30 Magheru Blvd. [Source: Mircea Berindei, see Card Bibliography];
    1935-1940? - Residential building, 4 Sfinţilor Street;
    1937 - Residential building, 3 Xenopol Street;
    1940 - Vlad Berindei residential buildings, 15A Lascăr Catargiu Blvd.;
    ? - Motas residential building, 16 Batiştei Street;
    ? - Botez residential building, 30 Hristo Botev Street.

    Public buildings
    1935-1940 - Red Cross building, 29 Biserica Amzei Street, Bucharest;
    1935-1940? - Labour Office, 8 Radu Calomfirescu Street, Bucharest;
    1936-1938 - Hotel in Turnu Severin, currently a hospital;
    1938-1940? - Banca Ardeleană, 5 Ion Ghica Street, Bucharest;
    1939 - The current headquarters of the High Court of Cassation and Justice, 25A Batiştei Street, in collaboration with architect Constantin Ciogolea, Bucharest;
    1940-1947 - He designed Panduri Hospital and set up Colentina, Filantropia, Colţea și Grigore Alexandrescu hospitals (while he was Chief Architect of the Authority of Civil Hospitals);
    1942 - Panduri Hospital, Bucharest;
     
    Industrial Buildings:
    Wood Processing Complex, Nereju Nehoiu Plant.
     
    Garages:
    1928-1930?
    - four storey Garage, 45 Cobălcescu Street;
    1930? - Mihăilescu Garage, 9 Luterană Street;
    1930-1935? - Mihăilescu Garage, 31 Calea Dorobanţilor (currently Billa supermarket);
    ? - Rosenthal factory, Oradea.
     
    Competitions. Awards and distinctions
    1936 - 1st Prize, competition for ’’The Church in Domenii Park”.
    Other competitions (mentioned in UAR registration form): Higiena Institute, Distribuția, ARO Palace, Ministry of Justice.
     
    Editorial activity
    1935-1941 - Collaborator and member of the editorial staff of Arhitectura magazine.
     


    BIBLIOGRAPHY


    BERINDEY, Mircea I. Note din activitatea arhitecţilor Dumitru I. Berindey, Ion D. Berindey şi Ion I. Berindey, Academia, Biblioteca RSR, 1988.

    TEODORESCU, Sidonia, NICULAE, Raluca, ŢELEA, Vasile, BÎRSAN, Andrei, Dicţionar al arhitecturii româneşti moderne (sec. XIX, XX, XXI). Literele A-C, ediţie on-line, pdf, project financed by the Union of Romanian Architects (2012), Architects Stamp Fund, Bucharest, 2014 (https://issuu.com/dictionaruar).
     
    GHERGHEL, Radu, „Arhitectul IOAN I. BERINDEY: 17 mai 1897-21 octombrie 1981”, în: revista Arhitectura, no. 1/1982.
    Arhitectura, 1935-1941.
    Ilustraţia, anul XIV (Sept.-Dec. 1925), no. 115-118.

    UAR Archives.