CRITICAL REVIEW

Victor Asquini is one of the most prolific figures in the interwar period when it comes to Art Deco architecture. His 2-3 storey buildings, horizontal and vertical volumes, ironware elements or small Art Deco reliefs are representative for how middle-class people lived in the 1920s-1940s.

Oana MARINACHE (2016)
 


IMAGES



    BIOGRAPHY

    (January 16, 1892, Bucharest - July 18, 1969)
     
    Academic/specialized studies
    1913 - Head diplomat Victor Asquini I;
    1913 - Victor got his degree in architecture at Hildburgansen Polytechnic in Germania;
    1927 - Stated that he was a diplomat of the Architecture School in Bucharest.
     
    Teaching (disciples and influences)
    He brought two of his Italian cousins, E. Midena and Cesare Scoccimarro, in Romania, who temporarily worked in our country (between 1922 and 1924).
     
    Public activity: affiliations, administrative positions, committees
    1914-1931 - Silvio Asquini and Victor Asquini architecture and construction enterprise is founded, headquartered at 14 Cezar Bolliac Street. It will operate until 1931;
    ? - He worked at the Directorate for military constructions within the Ministry of War;
    1921 - He was one of the founding members of ’’Allur” company;
    1924 - Member of „Acțiunea Economică a României” Society;
    after 1949 - He worked for the Ministry of Constructions and I.P.C.
     
    Other relevant information
    Silvio Asquini (1861-1952), builder, arrives in Bucharest in 1881, coming from Majano (Udine region, Italy). He was married to Ida Midena.
    Their son, Romano Italico (naturalized in 1921 as Victor Asquini) was born in Bucharest on January 16, 1892. Victor Asquini was married to Eliza Ghenea Asquini, substitute nurse at the Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynaecology I, Faculty of Medicine, Bucharest.
    1916-1918 - He was part of the mobile traction corps of the Romanian army.
    1950 - 9 flats, at 35 Justiției Street and 25-27 Cezar Bolliac Street, belonging to Victor Asquini, were nationalized.
     


    PROJECTS


    COMPLETED PROJECTS

    Architectural projects
    1923-1924 - Asquini house, 23 Cezar Bolliac, Bucharest (formerly 19, 25-27);
    ? - House attributed to Victor Asquini, 19A Cezar Bolliac Street, Bucharest;
    1924 - S. Steinberg house, 44 Labirint Street, Bucharest (demolished?);
    1925 - S. Teodorescu house, 15 Cezar Bolliac Street, Bucharest (mutilated today);
    1926-1927 - Lazăr Cristescu house, 167 Popa Nan Street, Bucharest;
    1927-1928 - Carol Fleischer house, 4 Verzișori Street, Bucharest (demolished?);
    1928-1929 - Mitona Bina property, 1 Oteșani/ Ștefănescu Tei Street, Bucharest (demolished);
    1929-1930 - I. Grigorescu property, 27 Austrului Street, Bucharest;
    1930-1931 - Building, 30 Cezar Bolliac Street, on the corner with 5 Eftimie Murgu Street, Bucharest;
    1931-1932 - P. Vătășanu house, 3 Rădăuți Street, Bucharest (demolished);
    1932-1933 - Ida Staudermann property, 33 Echinocțiului Street, Bucharest;
    1932-1933 - Albina Rossi building, 42 Cezar Bolliac Street, Bucharest (demolished);
    1934-1935 - Building, 4-6 Matei Voievod Street, Bucharest;
    1935 - Ghe. Dobrescu building, 23 Cezar Bolliac Street, Bucharest;
    ? - Maior Săndulescu building, 183 Calea Dudești, Bucharest;
    ? - V. Ivanovici building, 18bis Lt. Păulescu Street, Bucharest;
    1933-1934 - I. Tabacu building, 183 Popa Nan Street / 83-85 Matei Basarab Street, Bucharest;
    1934-1935 - House, 51 Vlad Județul Street / Calea Dudești, Bucharest;
    1935-1936 - building, 58 I. Brezoianu Street, Bucharest;
    1935-1940 - Holiday villas in Eforie and Constanța;
    ? - Plt. Maior Ilie Radu building, 20 Gen. Culcer Street, Bucharest;
    ? - Lt. I. Bardan building, additional height, 18 Cezar Bolliac Street, Bucharest;
    ? - 6 G. V. Bibescu Street, Bucharest;
    ? - 12 Mocănuței Street, Bucharest;
    1937-1938 - Apostolescu building, 36 Mătăsari Street, Bucharest;
    1938-1940 - Block of flats on Petre Crețu Street, Bucharest (neidentificat);
    1939-1940 - Enculescu villa, 84 Constantin Sandu Aldea Street, Bucharest;
    1939-1940 - Dr. Stănciulescu building, 140 Ferdinand Blvd., Bucharest;
    1941-1942 - Ioan Pomojescu house, 68 Cuțitul de Argint, Bucharest.
     
    Competitions. Awards and distinctions
    1926 - Silvio and Victor Asquini are awarded the Order of the ’’Crown of Romania’’, officer rank;
    1966 - Victor Asquini is awarded ’’Star of Merit of R.P.R.”, class IV.
     
    Editorial activity
    1925 - Began to publish ,,Dosar-deviz”, reedited many times by 1947;
    1927 - Directive în întreprinderi de construcții și analize de prețuri unitare;
    1934 - Tehnica în construcții
    1938 - 1947 - Published several editions of the work ’’Indicator tehnic în construcții”;
    He contributted articles to the following magazines: Arhitectura, Căminul, Orașul săptămânal, Buletinul întreprinzătorilor de lucrări publice, Buletinul A.G.I.R., Buletinul M.L.P., Buletinul Colegiul Arhitecților din România, Revista tehnică.
     


    BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Primary sources:
    Paolo Tomasella, La nostalgia della casta bellezza. Victor Asquini architetto e le famiglie di Majano in Romania, Gaspari, 2010
    Bucureștiul multicultural: 10 trasee urbane de arhitectură, vol. 2, București, 2015
    Monitor Comunal
    Monitorul Oficial
    Arhitectura magazine
     
    Webgraphy
    http://arhitectura-1906.ro/2012/06/nostalgia-frumusetii-caste-arhitectul-victor-asquini-si-familiile-din-majano-in-romania/
    http://punctedefuga.ro/2014/01/casa-i-tabacu-arhitect-victor-asquini/
    http://arhivadearhitectura.ro/arhitecti/familia-asquini/
    http://arhivadearhitectura.ro/locuinta/case-asquini/